| Words made up from the initial letters of other words.
| Acroterion (pl. acroteria) - plinths for statues, etc, at the apex and ends of a pediment. Can also refer to the statues themselves.
| Vergil's epic poem on the glorious past of Rome.
| Antefix (plural antefixae) is, originally, an upright decoration used to hide the end of a run of roof tiles. Now also used as general ornamentation.
|Arts and Crafts Movement
| Founded after the 1851 Great Exhibition to improve standards of decorative design and to revive handicrafts, in direct opposition to the trend towards mass-production.
|Art Workers Guild
| Formed in 1884, a group of English artists, architects, designers and craftsmen. Their aim was reform through the theory of the interdependence of the arts.
| From about 1855 Baroque was the accepted term for 17th century art and design. The style is characterized by exuberance and extravagence.
| Battlemented parapet, or overhanging turret on a wall or tower.
| In the West this describes a one-storied house. In the East this term is used to descibe a two-storied house or mansion. The word derives from Gujarati bangalo and Hindi bangla, meaning 'belonging to Bengal'.
| The head of a column which is often highly carved, moulded and decorated.
| A sculptured female figure used in place of a column or pillar.
| Organization to promote the Arts and Crafts Movement, set up in 1882 by WH Mackmurdo, HP Horne and S Image.
| Generic term for all types of porcelain and pottery.
| Part of the church for the clergy and choir, near the altar, and usually enclosed.
| In Greek mythology a chimera is a monster with a lion's head, a goat's body and a serpent's tail.
| Lost wax: a bronze-casting technique of filling the space between the core and the mould after the core's wax coating has been melted away.
| A reference to the chorus leader in ancient Greece, whose victory in the competitive choral dances was celebrated by erecting a small decorative structure.
| A hanging light formed from one or more (metal) hoops to which lamps or candles are attached.
| Glasgow Dilettante Society (1825-1843), formed for the 'improvement of the Fine Arts'.
| Loosely applied to any decorated band, but strictly the architectural term for the middle division of an entablature, the horizontal structure lying above and across the columns.
| Of a particular style.
| Plaster of Paris or gypsum prepared for use in painting or sculpture.
| Members of the dominant Hindu race in Nepal, who make up several regiments in the British army.
| A people from south-eastern China, especially around Canton.
| The leaves of the bay-tree used as a symbol of victory.
| The Maidan is a large public park situated in the very heart of Calcutta.
| Circular or oval framed ornamentation, often containg a portrait in relief. The word literally means a large medal.
| Mohgul, Mogul or Mughal Empire, founded in the early 16th century in India, The Mughal emperor accepted British protection in 1803.
|New Sculpture Movement
| From about 1875 the style of British sculpture changed to one of more naturalistic modelling.
| An S-shaped moulding.
| A hard, dense and, generally, white ceramic substance, impermeable and usually glazed.
| A sculpted or moulded design which stands out from a flat surface.
| Decoration on metal that has been hammered from the reverse side so that the design is pushed through in relief.
| In a church, the ornamental screen behind the altar.
| A slow-setting, durable plaster used for modelling.
| Ornamental building material of unglazed, fired clay, brownish-red in colour; also used in statuary, pottery, etc.
| Painting or carving on three (hinged) panels.
| Union Jack, the national ensign of the United Kingdom, formed by the union of the crosses of St George, St Andrew and St Patrick.